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1 edition of Elementary modes of excitation in spherical odd-mass nuclei. found in the catalog.

Elementary modes of excitation in spherical odd-mass nuclei.

Elementary modes of excitation in spherical odd-mass nuclei.

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Published by Progress of theoretical physics for the Research Institute for Fundamental Physics and the Physical Society of Japan in Kyoto .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesSupplement of the Progress of theoretical physics -- 58
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20663366M

This volume covers a broad range of topics on nuclear structure, including collective excitations, proton-neutron excitation modes, phase transitions, signatures of structure, isospin, structure at both high and low angular momenta, recent developments in nuclear theory, the vast new realm of exotic nuclei far from the valley of stability, and. strongly deformed nuclei the excitation energies of the ground-state rotational band exhibit a rotational behavior, i.e. E~ = I(I+1)h2/2~¢, where I is the spin and J the moment of inertia is approximately a third.   Table of Contents. 1 Atoms, Nuclei and Particles. Introduction 1. The Atom 3. The Electron and the Proton 6. The Nuclear Binding Energies 15Brand: Dover Publications.


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Elementary modes of excitation in spherical odd-mass nuclei. Download PDF EPUB FB2

In this point of view, the anomalous coupling collective states with spin (j-1) are considered as the dressed three-quasi-particle modes, which are regarded as a kind of elementary excitation modes in odd-mass by: In this point of view, the anomalous coupling collective states with spin (j-1) are considered as the dressed three-quasi-particle modes, which are regarded as a kind of elementary excitation modes in odd-mass nuclei.

Abstract. A new systematic theory of describing the collective excitations in spherical odd-mass nuclei is developed. The theory can be regarded as a direct extension of the conventional quasi-particle-new-Tamm-Dancoff method (i.e.

the quasi-particle-random phase approximation) for spherical even-mass nuclei into the case of spherical odd-mass by: In this point of view, the anomalous coupling collective states with spin (j-1) are considered as the dressed three-quasi-particle modes, which are regarded as a kind of elementary excitation.

Low-energy photon scattering experiments of ,Eu, Dy, and Ho and the systematics of the M1 scissors mode in odd-mass rare-earth nuclei Article Mar In the spherical, lighter fp-shell nuclei, but also in the region of lighter rare-earth nuclei (nuclei with neutron number N near to 82, and proton number Z between 50 to 66), a somewhat different and slightly more simple structure emerges (see Fig.

2): (i) On the lower excitation energy side, one observes aCited by: The quasi-particle modes are obtained by the Bogolyubov- Valatin transformation.

The coupled linearized equations for the amplitudes of excitation of the states of the odd-mass nucleus are obtained by the equation-of-motion method. The problem is formulated so that only amplitudes of single excitations appear, Cited by: Structure Evolution and Shape Phase Transitions in Odd-Mass Nuclei The few cases of hole-type nuclei mixed up with the particle-type ones in the decoupling part of region 1 are due to nuclei known to have oblate shapes (they correspond mainly to the Au and Hg nuclei with holes in the proton h 11=2 orbital and neutron i 13=2 orbital.

Magnetic Excitation Modes in Nuclei Prof. Peter von Neumann-Cosel Institut fuer Kernphysik, TU Darmstadt, Germany and Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Japan The lecture series reviews nuclear magnetic excitation modes which contribute to our understanding of the strong interaction in unique ways.

They provide information. The ion-ion potential is also of the proximity type [5] and is calculated, throughout the collision, taking into account the instantaneous deformation of the two nuclei. This change in shape is generated by the excitation of the normal modes of the two non-interacting by: 8.

The case of odd-odd nuclei 64 Chirality in the odd-mass nuclei 69 Chiral bands in even-even nuclei 70 14 Conclusions 70 15 References 73 1 Introduction An object is called chiral if it cannot be superimposed on its image in a plane mirror by any transfor-mation like rotation or Cited by:   A procedure presented in a previous paper has been generalized in order to describe collective properties of odd-mass nuclei.

The problem has been considered first in the general case of fermions interacting by realistic two-body forces. The present classification of low lying states of odd nuclei has been confirmed. The lowest states can be separated in two Cited by: 2. Shape coexistence in odd-mass nuclei near closed shells (±1 and ±3 nucleons) is reviewed.

Two main approaches are presented. The more historical one starts from the explicit introduction of a deformation degree of freedom and allows particular Nilsson orbitals to occur very low in excitation energy.

This book provides a simple presentation of the models and theory of nuclear collective structure, with an emphasis on the physical content and the ways they are used to interpret data. Part 1 presents the basic phenomenological collective vibrational and rotational models as introduced by Bohr and Mottelson and their many colleagues.

In atomic nuclei with even numbers of neutrons and protons, the low-lying excitation spectrum is generally formed by nucleon pair breaking and nuclear vibrations or.

In a self-consistent system such as nuclei one-particle motion and collective phenomena are strongly related. Elementary modes of excitations may be associated with excitations of individual particles or they may represent collective vibra-tions of the density, shape, or some other parameter that characterizes the equilibrium configuration.

For \(N=Z\) odd–odd nuclei, a three-body model assuming two valence particles and an inert core can provide insight into pairing correlations in the ground state and spin–isospin excitations.

However, since residual core–nucleon interactions can have a significant impact, the inclusion of core excitations in the model is essential for a detailed understanding of both the Author: Futoshi Minato, Yusuke Tanimura. Excitation, in physics, the addition of a discrete amount of energy (called excitation energy) to a system—such as an atomic nucleus, an atom, or a molecule —that results in its alteration, ordinarily from the condition of lowest energy (ground state) to one of higher energy (excited state).

The time-dependent density functional theory may, in principle, describe elementary modes of excitation associated with the loosely bound and unbound nucleons, from stable to drip-line nuclei, with the universal functional. Let us describe our view of open problems in the density functional approaches in the next section.

atomic nuclei that the normal modes of the surface vibrations of a spherical drop of incompressible liquid have de nite multipolarities [1]. Many years later, when atomic nuclei were already known, Siegfried Flugge [2] connected the eigenfrequen-cies of the surface vibrations of a nuclear liquid drop with the excitation energiesCited by: 1.

COLLECTIVE EXCITATIONS IN RAPIDLY ROTATING SUPERDEFORMED NUCLEI Before discussing explicit examples of excited SD bands, let us discuss the characteristics of elementary excitation modes in high-spin SD and ND states in even- even nuclei.

ND nuclei belong to a family of nuclei with "open- shell" configurations. Nuclear structure physics is undergoing a major revival, full of activities and excitement. On the experimental side, this is being made possible by advances in detector technology and accelerator capabilities that give access to data and nuclei (especially exotic nuclei far from stability) never before accessible.

High-quality (#gamma#,#gamma#') spectroscopy with a EUROBALL cluster module in combination with a statistical analysis of unresolved background contributions demonstrates that contrary to claims of a severe reduction, the scissor mode strength in odd-mass nuclei is comparable to that in the even-even neighbours.

Audio Books & Poetry Community Audio Computers, Technology and Science Music, Arts & Culture News & Public Affairs Non-English Audio Spirituality & Religion Librivox Free Audiobook Klindt & Søn HyphenBros Pole Position Podcast Behind-the-Scenes [순정마녀 1_새채널] 여자를 말해주마 순정마녀 Take-A-Lesson: Uncovering Hidden.

(Nobel Lecture, Ben R. Mottelson, “Elementary Modes of Excitation in the Nucleus”) • Near closed shell nuclei (like Pb) no static deformation of pair field.

• Corresponds to the “normal” nuclear limit. • Fluctuations give rise to a vibrational-like excitation spectrum. Viewpoint: Simple Structure in Complex Nuclei.

John Wood. Nevertheless, the unpaired neutron in the “ 11 / 2 ” state in each of the odd-mass cadmium isotopes behaves in nearly the same way: “Elementary Modes of Excitation in the.

(45) Spherical Nuclei with Simple Residual Forces - Kisslinger, Leonard S. et al. 35 () (37) Theory of superconductivity - Bardeen, John et al. () (34) Suppression of the Two Neutrino Double beta Decay by Nuclear Structure Effects - Vogel, P.

et al. 57 () (32) pnQRPA calculation of the β + /EC Cited by: The liquid drop model is one of the first models of nuclear structure, proposed by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in It describes the nucleus as a semiclassical fluid made up of neutrons and protons, with an internal repulsive electrostatic force proportional to the number of protons.

The quantum mechanical nature of these particles appears via the Pauli exclusion principle. Prospects on the microscopic description of odd mass nuclei and other multi-quasiparticle excitations with beyond-mean-field and related methods. Secretariat. Susan Driessen +39 Monday, 25 September, - to Friday, 29 September, - Location.

where x=2πR/λ is the size parameter, n is the relative refractive index of the particle, and are Riccati–Bessel functions and d E (l, 1) are the internal coefficients of electric multipole excitation inside the spherical particleIn the limit of a transparent particle (n→1), all the scattering coefficients vanish a E (l, 1)=0 and the amplitude of the internal coefficients tend to unity Cited by: Ben Roy Mottelson (born July 9, ) is a Danish nuclear physicist.

He won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the non-spherical geometry of atomic : July 9, (age 93), Chicago, Illinois, U.S. residual nuclei by investigating the reactions ^®6w(p,t)^®4W and W(p,d)*®^w.

These reactions were expected to be in­ fluenced by such multistep processes, since the tungsten nuclides possess strongly collective excitation modes of a rotational character resulting from their non-spherical equi­ librium shapes.

Nuclear Potential and the Shell Model. The shell model of the nucleus presumes that a given nucleon moves in an effective attractive potential formed by all the other nucleons. If that is true, then the potential is probably roughly proportional to the nuclear density and therefore could be expressed in the form.

The parameters in this model of the potential have been evaluated to be. Singly closed shell nuclei: Spherical nuclei and seniority- dominated coupling WSPC/Book Trim Size for in x in rw-bookx65 1 Elements of nuclear structure Pb inverted with respect to excitation in recognition of their hole character.

@article{osti_, title = {A truncated spherical shell model for nuclear collective excitations: Applications to the odd-mass systems, neutron-proton systems, and other topics}, author = {Wu, Hua}, abstractNote = {One of the most elusive quantum system in nature is the nucleus, which is a strongly interacting many body system.

In the hadronic (a la neutrons and protons) phase. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / ELEMENTARY MODES OF EXCITATION Extreme limiting cases, in which one type of behavior overshadows all competing effects, are often the easiest to deal with in physics.

which allows the calculation of the properties of nuclear states in both odd-mass and even-mass nuclei. The Nuclear Many-Body Problem by Peter Ring,available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

The Nuclear Many-Body Problem: Peter Ring: We use cookies to give you the best possible experience/5(6). 1 The Liquid Drop Model.- Introduction.- The Semi-empirical Mass Formula.- Deformation Parameters.- Surface Oscillations About a Spherical Shape.- Rotations and Vibrations for Deformed Shapes.- The Bohr Hamiltonian.- The Axially Symmetric Case.- The Asymmetric Rotor.- Nuclear Fission.- Stability of.

Nuclear and Particle Physics: An Introduction / Edition 2 available in Hardcover, Paperback. Read an excerpt of this book. Odd-mass nuclei 55 Even-mass nuclei 58 Fission 59 [gamma]-decays 62 Nuclear reactions 62 Non-spherical nuclei Price: $ @article{osti_, title = {QUADRUPOLE OSCILLATIONS OF DEFORMED NUCLEI}, author = {Birbrair, B L and Peker, L K and Sliv, L A}, abstractNote = {BS>Formulas are derived for quadrupole oscillations of deformed nuclei.

The interaction between the rotation and vibrations is considered and a general formula is given for the corrections for the level energy of the ground. Gamma Vibrations. While the single γ vibration is a well established feature across a wide range of deformed even-even nuclei [], the question of the existence of γγ vibrations has only recently been single phonon γ excitation is characterized by a K π = 2 + excited rotational band at an energy of around 1 MeV, the 2 + member of which decays to the 0 + .Adel, A., and T.

Alharbi, Systematics of α-decay fine structure in odd-mass nuclei based on a finite-range nucleon–nucleon interaction, vol.pp. 1 - 18, Abstract Website A systematic study on α-decay fine structure is presented for odd-mass nuclei .Start studying Physics Ch.

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